Vauxcelles (Louis)

Lot 83
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600 - 1200 EUR
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Vauxcelles (Louis)
Ɵ Le Rayonnement de l'École française. Autograph manuscript signed [ca. 1925], 8 pages in-4°, first draft with numerous erasures and corrections (binder holes without loss of text). Devauchelle folder. Important working manuscript devoted to the evolution of art in France over a century, from David to Braque, by the critic to whom we owe the genesis of the terms "fauvism", "cubism" and "tubism". This manuscript discusses the importance of France in art over the last century. It reviews David and his school, the romanticism of Delacroix, the "heroic" realism of Géricault and the "sensual" realism of Ingres, then the naturalism of Courbet, the landscape school of Corot, the renovator Manet, the founder of Impressionism Monet, at the origin of a "necessary reaction", that of Seurat and Cézanne, then that of the "cubist builders", with Braque. Born Louis Mayer (1870-1943), Louis Vauxcelles was indisputably one of the most important art critics of his time. He was responsible for coining the terms "fauvism", "cubism" and "tubism", which have made their mark on art history. Indeed, in 1905, referring to paintings by Derain, Vlaminck, Braque, Matisse and a few others, he exclaimed that this was "Donatello among the Fauves" (Gil Blas, October 17, 1905), while in the Gil Blas of November 14, 1908, he spoke - for the first time in a publication - of "cubes" in reference to Braque's landscapes of L'Estaque exhibited at Kahnweiler's, unknowingly echoing a quip made by Matisse (according to Apollinaire) when Braque was exhibited (later withdrawn) at the Salon des Indépendants in the autumn. The term "cubism" was first printed in Le Mercure de France on April 16, 1909, by Charles Morice. Vauxcelles also coined the term "tubisme" for Léger's 1911 compositions at the Salon des Indépendants. Although not initially eulogistic, these adjectives made Vauxcelles a key figure in the art criticism of his time, under various pseudonyms such as Pinturicchio, Critias, Coriolès and Vasari. Provenance: Louis Vauxcelles.
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