SCALIGER (Paul Scalich, dit)

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SCALIGER (Paul Scalich, dit)
Miscellaneorum De rerum caussis, et successibus & de secretiore quadam Methodo qua eversiones omnium regnorum universi orbis. Cologne, Theodore Graminaeus, 1570. in-4, calf turned over, double framed with cold fillets, spine ribbed (modern binding). First edition, dedicated to Maximilian II, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Paul Scalich (Skalic or Skalich), prince of Lika, also known as Paulus Scaliger, Croatian humanist and encyclopaedist, was born in Zagreb in 1534 and died in 1573. He studied theology and philosophy in Vienna and then lived in various parts of Europe: Bologna, Rome, France, Germany, Bohemia, etc. Close to the thought of Raymond Lulle and the esoteric currents, he published several works with the ambition of being able to gather all the knowledge of the world. It was he who first used the term Encyclopaediae in the title of a book: Encyclopaediae, seu Orbis disciplinarum, tam sacrarum quàm prophanarum, Epistemon (Basel, Oporin, 1559). In this collection of Miscellanea, the author, still animated by this encyclopedic vision, addresses and treats in nearly 130 chapters various questions of philosophy and science: De motu Coeleste, De ingeniorum diversitate, De somnis per ea divinaris possit, De visione, De Terra situs acque moto, De diametro Terrae inveniendo, De revolutionis Solis, etc. A few paintings and woodcuts enhance the author's remarks; one of the figures is entitled De Scala Intellectus. At the end of the volume are the epitaphs of personalities of the Scaliger (Scala) family, of which the author is said to be a descendant, buried in the church of Santa Maria Antiqua in Verona. Old handwritten bookplate and remnant of red wax stamp on the title. Yellowish stain on last two leaves, repair to the upper corner of the title and in the blank of the last leaf, without damaging the mark.
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